happy gif Webpages of Tamil Electronic Library © K. Kalyanasundaram



Translation of the Tamil literary work thirukkuRaL in
world languages & the electronic text of the work on the Net


THIRUKURAL of THIRUVALLUVAR is the most popular, most widely esteemed Tamil Classic of all times. It is a tamil book on philosophy and life in general, written by Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, about 2000 years ago. Its appeal is universal. It is the only tamil literary work (possibly after the Bible) that has been translated many times in almost all languages of the world.

thirukural on the Internet

The entire work of 1330 couplets is available on internet in Tamil Script form at the following sites:

Commentaries (urai) in tamil

  • S. Annamalai
    thirukural cinthani, Cennai: Vanathi patipakam, 1987
  • Ka. Appathurai (uraiyaciriyar)
    thirukural manivilakka urai, Cennai: alamelu nilaiyam, 1967
  • Mylai Seeni Govindarasanar
    Tirukkural natakam, Cennai: Star Piracuram, 1964.
  • Kokila Thangasami
    Kural pullankuzhal utukiratu, Koyamputtur : Vijaya Patippakam ; distribution in Cennai : Narmata Patippakam, 1987.

Translations, Commentaries in English

  • Aiyar, V.V.S,
    Kural_: Maxims of thiruvalluvar, 4th ed, Madras, 1961
  • Balasubramanian, K.M,
    Thirukural of thiruvalluvar, Madras, 1962
  • Yogi Suddanantha Bharathi:
    Thirukural with english couplets, Madras, 1968
  • Yogi Suddanantha Bharathi,
    thirukural couplets with clear prose rendering, Madras, 1970
  • Chakravarthi, A,
    thirukural in english with commentary, Madras, 1953
  • Karunanidhi, K / K. Chellappan:
    Kural-portraits : Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi's Kuralovium , a translation from Tamil by K. Chellappan., Annamalainagar : Annamalai University, 1989-
  • Drew, H.W.,
    The kural of thiruvalluvar with commentary of Parimelazhakar, Madras, 1840
  • Drew, H.W. and Lazarus, J.,
    Thirukural (in verses), Reprint, Madras, 1956
  • Diaz, S.M
    Aphorisms of Valluvar : commentary and comparative study
    Madras : International Society for the Investigation of Ancient Civilizations, 1982.
  • Ellis, F.W.,
    thirukural on virtue (in verse) with commentary, 1812, reprint Madras 1955
  • Gajapathy Nayagar, A,
    The rosary of gems of thirukkural, Madras, 1969
  • Kasturi Srinivasan,
    Thirukural: an ancient tamil classic (in couplets), Bombay, 1969
  • K.C. Kamaliah
    Preface in the Kural : a comparative study of the first forty couplets of the Kural; with English renderings of G. U. Pope ...[et al.] and their commentaries and also the commentaries of.., Madras : M. Seshachalam, 1973.
  • Mathavaiyah, A,
    Kural in English with commentary in Tamil, Madras, 1925
  • Michael, S.M.,
    The sacred aphorisms of thiruvalluvar (in verse), Nagarcoil, 1928
  • Muthuswamy, P,
    Thirukural in english, Madurai, 1965
  • Parameswaran Aiyar, T.V.,
    108 gems from the sacred Kural, Kottayam, 1928
  • Parameswaran Pillai, V.K.
    , kural, Madras
  • Pope, G.U,
    A collection of the english translation of thirukural, Madras, 1959
  • Popely, H.A.,
    The sacred Kural (selections in verses), Calcutta, 1951
  • Raja, P,
    thirukural (in verses), Kumbakonam, 1950
  • Rajagopalachari, C,
    kural, the great book of thiruvalluvar, Madras, 1937, 3rd ed, 1973
  • Ramachandra Dikshithar, V.R.,
    thirukural in english with roman translation, Madras, 1949
  • Ranganatha Muthaliar, A:
    thirukural moolamum uraiyum with english translation, Madras, 1933
  • Thangaswami, T.D,
    thirukural (selections in verse), Madras, 1954
  • Thirunavukarasu, Mrs, T.,
    Kural a selection of 366 verses (a gem for each day), Poona, 1916
  • Vadivel chettiar, K,
    kural in english with tamil text and parimelazhakar commentary,(3parts), Madurai, 1972-1980
  • Vanmikinathan, G,
    the thirukural - a unique guide to moral, material and spiritual prosperity, trichy, 1969

thirukural translations in languages of India/World


The following is a list of translations/commentaries of the tamil literary classic THIRUKURAL - taken out from
the Encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, vol. 1,
Inst. of Asian Studies, Thiruvanmayur, Tamilnadu, India.

    ASSAMESE
  • Nalini Mohan, Sanyal, thirukural, Calcutta, 1939
  • Sastri, E.C., thirukural, Calcutta, 1974
    BURMESE
  • Myo Thant, U, thirukkural, Rangoon
    CHINESE
  • Chi Eng Hsi, thirukkural, Hongkong, 1967
    CZECH
  • Zvelebil, Kamil V, Thirukural (selections), Prague, 1952-1954
    DUTCH
  • Kat, D, Thirukural (selections), Netherlands, 1964
    FIJI
  • Berwick, S.L, Na. Thirukkurala, Fiji, 1964
    FINNISH
  • Aalto, Pentit, Kural - the ancient tamil classic, Finland, 1972
    FRENCH
  • Ariel, M, kural de thiruvalluvar (traduits du tamoul), Paris, 1848
  • Barrigue de, Fontaineu, G, le livre de l'amour de thiruvalluva, Paris, 1889
  • Danielou, Alain, thiruvallouvar kural, Pondicherry, 1942
  • Jacolliot, Louis, kural de thiruvalluvar, selections, Paris, 1767
  • Lamairesse, M, thirukural in french, Pondicherry, 1867
    GERMAN
  • Albrecht, Fenz and K. Lalithambal: thirukural von thiruvalluvar aus dem Tamil, Madurai, 1977
  • Cammera, A.F, thirukural waith german translation, Leipzig, 1803
  • Graul, Karl, der kural des thiruvalluvar, London, 1854
  • Graul, Karl, der tamu lische gnomes dichtar thiruvalluvar, Leipzig, 1865
  • Rickert, Friederich, thirukural, selections, Berlin, 1847
  • William and Norgate, Der kural des thiruvalluvar, 2nd ed, London, 1866
    GUJARATHI
  • Kalani, Kandilal, L, thirukural in Gujarathi, Bombay, 1971
    HINDI
  • Sankar Raju Naidu, S, thirukural in Hindi, Madras, 1958
  • Seshadri, K, thirukural in Hindi, Lucknow, 1982
  • Govindaraj Jain, Kural in verse, first two parts, New delhi, 1942
  • Jain, B.D, thirukural, thirupananthal, 1961
  • Khenand Rakar, thirukural, parts 1 and 2, Ajmer, 1924
  • Rajan Pillai, thirukural, Lucknow, 1976
  • Venkatakrishnan, M.G, thirukural, Trichy, 1964
    KANNADA
  • Gundappa, L, thirukural (3 parts), Madras, 1960
  • Gundappa, L, thirukural dharma bhaga, Bangalore, 1955
  • Srinivas, P.S, thirukural with original couplets and translations in Kannada, Madurai, 1982
  • Srikanthaiah, B.M, Kural (selections in verses), bangalore, 1940
    LATIN
  • Graul, Charles, Kural of thiruvalluvar, Tranquebar, 1866
  • Veeramamunivar, thirukural (Books I and II), London, 1930
    MALAY
  • Ismail, Hussein: thirukural sastera kalasik tamil yang, Kuala Lumpur, 1967
  • Ramily Bin Thakir thirukural (in verses), Kuala Lumpur, 1964
    MALAYALAM
  • Azhakathu Kurup, thirukural in verses, Trivandrum, 1875
  • Balakrishna Nair, G, Kural waith commentary, Part I, Trivandrum, 1963
  • Chellan Nadar, K, thirukural tharmanaskantam, Parassala, 1962
  • Damodaran Pillai,P, thirukural manikal, Trivandrum, 1951
  • Gopalakurup, Vennikulam, thirukural (first 2 parts in verse), Kottayam, 1960
  • Govinda Pillai, A, thirukural, Trivandrum
    ORIYA
  • Kishrod, Dash Ch, thirukuralu-in oriya language, Sampalbur, 1985
    PUNJABI
  • Ram Murti Sharma, thirukural dhamma granth of the tamils, Chandigarh, 1983
    POLISH
  • Umadevi, Wandy Dynowskiev, thiruvalluvar kural, Madras, 1958
    RAJASTHANI
  • Kamala Gurg, thirukural needhi sastra, Jaipur, 1982
    RUSSIAN
  • Glazov, J.J and Krishnamurthi, A, thirukural, a book on virtu, politics and love, Moscow, 1963
  • Glazov, J.J, thirukural in couplets with illustrations, Moscow, 1974
    SANSKRIT
  • Srirama Desikan, S.N, thirukural in sanskrit slokas, Madras, 1961, 1968
    SAURASTRA
  • Ram, S.S, Saurastra thirukural payiram - pitika pragaranam, Madurai, 1980
    SINGALESE
  • De Silva, Charles, Sirigiya (thirukural in sinhalese), Colombo, 1964
  • Sissigamy Govokgada, M, thirukural, Colombo, 1961
    SWEDISH
  • Frykholm Ingya, thirukural, Uddavalla, 1971
    TELUGU
  • Jagannatha Sastri, Mudiganthi, thiruvalluva sookthalu, West Godavari, 1952
  • Lakshminarayana Sastri, Kural, chittoor, 1906
    URDU
  • Kohan, Muhamad Yusuf, Kural in Urdu and Arabic, Madras, 1976
  • Surawathi Hasarat, Kural in Urdu, New Delhi, 1966

Page Visits to this website
till date:

Google
Web tamilelibrary.org